Automated peritoneal dialysis in Brunei Darussalam.


Ishrat KAMAL, Yin Ping LIEW, Shafiqul CHOWDHURY, Jackson Chee Seng TAN.

Department of Renal Medicine, Rimba Dialysis Centre, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.



Introduction: Chronic kidney disease in Brunei Darussalam is a growing problem. The number of patients reaching end stage kidney failure has increased dramatically in the last ten years. Currently, most are managed with haemodialysis while a smaller proportion is managed with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is a form of peritoneal dialysis and has been used in Brunei Darussalam since May 2008. Materials and Methods: Eight patients participated in this prospective clinical trial. As all APD patients were previously on CAPD, comparisons are made between the outcomes of APD against CAPD. Results: The median and mean age of APD patients were 42 and 45.5 12.73 years respectively. After switching to APD, the serum haemoglobin and albumin improved from 10.56 1.95 gm/L and 27.88 7.71 gm/dL to 12.26 1.82 gm/L and 33.63 6.89 gm/dL respectively (p values <0.05). This corresponded to improvements in seven (87.5%) and six (75%) patients respectively in both parameters. Erythropoietin requirement was reduced in six (75%) patients, including three (37.5%) patients who were able to stop erythropoietin completely. There was no peritonitis encountered. All patients reported improved quality of life with better sleep, appetite and general well-being. Conclusions: Our study showed that APD was as good as CAPD with improvement seen in both laboratory and quality of life parameters. There was also reduction in erythropoietin requirement. Based on these findings, we will actively encourage and promote APD usage as oppose to CAPD usage in our population.


Keywords: End stage renal failure, dialysis, renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis.


Correspondence: Jackson Tan. Department of Renal Medicine, Rimba Dialysis Centre, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. E mail:


Brunei Int Med J. 2011; 7 (2): 72-77